General Conditions of Export
GENERAL CONDITIONS OF EXPORT
1. Sphere of Application
Principally these General Conditions of Export (hereinafter referred to as „GCE“) apply to all deliveries, services and offers of JOTEC GmbH, Lotzenäcker 23, D-72379 Hechingen, Germany (hereinafter referred to as "Seller"), provided that they have not been modified or excluded expressly and in writing. All deviating conditions are rejected and shall not form part of any contract, even if the Seller does not declare his rejection expressly and in writing.
2. Conclusion of the Contract, Prices, Packing and Packing Costs, Dispatchment, Transport Insurance
2.1 Any offers of the Seller are without obligation. If the Seller has fixed a time for acceptance in its written and firm offer, the contract shall be deemed to be concluded, when the Buyer before expiration of such period has dispatched a written acceptance, as long as such acceptance reaches the Seller at least within 3 days after the fixed expiration date. The contractual content is defined by the specification of the Seller.
2.2 All prices are for delivery ex works of the Seller (EXW Incoterms 2010), German Value Added Tax excluded (refer to
2.3 and 3.1). Buyers from inside the European Union have to indicate their VAT-Ident.-No. at the formation of the contract. 2.3 Unless otherwise agreed packing shall be at the discretion of the Seller. The Buyer is obliged to dispose of all packing materials.
2.4 The goods are dispatched on charge and at the risk of the Buyer.
3. Delivery, Passing of Risk, Declaration
3.1 Unless otherwise agreed in writing, all deliveries will be effected exclusively ex works of the Seller (EXW Incoterms 2010). Any agreed deviating trade terms shall be interpreted according to the Incoterms of the International Chamber of Commerce, Paris.
3.2 Partial deliveries are permitted.
4. Time for Delivery, Delay, Cancellation of the Contract
4.1 Any dates of delivery are without obligation and only binding if agreed expressly and in writing. The period of time for delivery begins to run with dispatchment of the sales confirmation, but neither prior to the production of all documents, licences, permits and further formalities which are required of the Buyer, nor before receipt of the agreed advance payments.
4.2 If the Seller is responsible for delay of delivery, the Buyer, after 3 weeks of delay – excluding other claims – is entitled to liquidated damages – if he substantiates that he has incurred damages – for each further full week of delay, payable at a rate of 0,5 % - but not exceeding 5 % in total – calculated on the value of that part of delivery which, as a consequence of the delay, cannot be used as intended. No. 8.2 applies accordingly.
4.3 If the maximum liquidated damages according to no. 4.2 are reached, the Buyer – after he has fixed an additional reasonable period combined with the announcement that acceptance of delivery will be refused - may notify the Seller in writing of the termination of the contract in respect of that part of the goods which are delayed, except where the Seller delivers prior to termination.
4.4 If the Buyer is in delay with an essential contractual obligation, the Seller is entitled to extend the period of time for delivery according to the period of delay. No. 5 applies analogously.
5. Sales Contracts on Demand
Sales contracts without fixed time of delivery (“on demand”) can only be performed with express contractual agreement and as an exception. The Seller shall confirm the date, from which delivery can take place. Unless expressly otherwise agreed the goods are available for delivery on demand for a period of at most 26 weeks. Any demands for delivery have to be announced with at least 2 weeks period.
6.1 Unless otherwise agreed, all payments must be effected by advance payment or by irrevocable and confirmed letter of credit (or bank guarantee, bond) at least 2 weeks prior to the date of delivery. Any costs related to a letter of credit or other payment methods have to be borne by the Buyer. The "Uniform Customs and Practices for Documentary Credits" of the International Chamber of Commerce, Paris (ERA 600), are applicable. All payments shall be effected in EURO without regard to any deviations of the currency exchange rate and without any reduction or discount "free pay office" of the Seller.
6.2 In case of late payment, the Seller is entitled to a lump sum delay fee of 40,00 € as well as to interest from the date on which payment was due. The rate of interest shall be 9 percentage points above the base rate of the European Central Bank. If the Buyer has not paid the agreed amount within a reasonable additional period not to exceed 1 month after the payment was due, the Seller shall be entitled to terminate the contract by notice in writing and claim compensation for any loss including claims for loss of profit it has incurred.
6.3 If any particular circumstances create considerable doubts regarding the Buyer's creditworthiness, all claims resulting from the whole business relationship shall become due immediately.The Seller also then is entitled to demand delivery against advance payment. Sentence 1 applies accordingly regarding Buyer's delay in payment for another contract with the Seller. If payment in instalments is agreed and the Buyer delays more than 10 % of the owed purchase price, the entire purchase price shall become due immediately.
6.4 Customer specific products may be delivered if the Buyer bears the costs of development according to a prior agreement. The Seller is entitled to demand advance payment of two thirds of the purchase price regarding customer specific products or variations of those, payable 3 weeks prior to start of production at the latest.
7. Liability for Conformity of the Goods
7.1 After acceptance, the Buyer must examine the goods without delay. Therefore he must observe the recognised industry standards. In any case, the Buyer loses the right to rely on a lack of conformity of the goods if it does not give notice to the Seller, exactly specifying the nature of the lack of conformity, as soon as he has discovered it or ought to have discovered it. After arrangement with the Seller the Buyer is responsible for the securing of all proofs.
7.2 The proof of careful treatment and adequate and dry storage of the goods devolves on the Buyer.
7.3 If the goods do not conform to the contract, the Seller may remedy the lack of conformity at first and at its own discretion within four weeks after the Buyer's request and, even if the defects are substantial, by repair or substitutional delivery.
7.4 If the Seller fails to remedy the lack of conformity according to no. 7.3 by repair or replacement, the Buyer is entitled to a reasonable pro rata reduction of the purchase price. If the lack of conformity is fundamental, the Buyer may fix a final period for fulfilment and after fruitless expiration of such final period demand termination of the contract.
7.5 The Seller is liable for indirect losses only according to the stipulations of no. 8.2.
7.6 Instructions of the Seller about the use, operation, storage or application of the goods must be strictly observed by the Buyer, otherwise damages resulting thereof have to be borne by the Buyer.
8. Liability for subsidiary Duties, General Limitation of Liability
8.1 The Seller is only liable for the contractual or pre-contractual subsidiary duties according to the provisions of nos. 4, 8.2 and no. 11.
8.2 Save as stipulated in nos. 4.2, 4.3 and 7.1 through 7.4, 8, 10 and 11 the Seller shall – without regard to the legal reasons – not be liable for any lack of conformity and damages. This applies to any damages caused by the defect or rights of third parties, including losses of production, profit or other indirect losses, whatsoever, (losses and damages not incurred in the delivered goods themselves). In case of responsibility for a fundamental breach of contract the Seller is liable, also in case of gross negligence, but only for typical contractual losses which could have been reasonably foreseen. The Seller in any case is liable, however, for gross negligence, for particularly rendered guarantees, fraud, culpable caused damages to life, body or health or if there is liability regarding physical injuries or damages to private items under German or foreign product liability laws.
9. Plans, Sales materials, Software, Secrecy
9.1 All rights regarding Seller's samples, tools, devices, drawings, drafts and plans, especially patent-, copy- and invention rights shall remain property of the Seller. All sales materials such as catalogues, sample books, price lists etc. which are placed at the Buyer’s disposal, shall remain property of the Seller and shall be returned on demand.
9.2 Any documents pertaining to an offer, such as pictures, drawings, weights, measures, capacities or data on further qualities and other information about the contractual products and services, are only binding approximately. All proprietary and copyrights regarding information of the Seller – also in electronic form – remain with the latter.
9.3 Any software supplied by the Seller shall remain property of the latter. Without prior written consent of the Seller it may not be made available to third parties, copied or duplicated in any other way. The Buyer shall have a non-exclusive and non-transferable licence to make use of the software in its works the goods were supplied to.
9.4 The contractual parties agree to keep secret all commercial and technical details of their mutual business – if they have been marked as secret or if the interest in confidentiality arises from the circumstances. This also applies to the items mentioned in nos. 9.1 until 9.3, which also shall not be disclosed or made available to any third party.
9.5 The contractual parties shall also ensure that their subcontractors will be under the same confidentiality obligation as set out in no. 9.4.
10. Non-Performance, Impossibility, Inability
As far as the Seller is unable to deliver in whole or partially, the Buyer may terminate the contract by notice in writing to the Seller in respect of that part which is not delivered, save where acceptance of partial performance should be an unreasonable demand. Nos. 8.2 and 11 apply accordingly.
11. Act of God
11.1 Each party shall not be liable for non-performance, if performance is prevented by circumstances beyond the party's control or especially by one of the following circumstances: fire, natural disasters, war, seizure, requisition, prohibition of export, embargo or other authority measures, general shortage of materials, restrictions in the use of power, industrial disputes or if a breach of contract of subcontractors is caused by any such circumstances.
11.2 Each party may, by notice in writing, terminate the contract if performance is being prevented for more than 6 months according to no. 11.1.
12. Term of Limitation
All claims of the Buyer based on a lack of conformity with the contract shall be time limited and statute barred within 12 months from passing of risk (no. 3). The Seller´s liability is limited to any lack of conformity, which appears within this period. This does not affect the lawful time limitation of claims, which occur according to no. 8.2.
13. Retention of Title and Ownership
13.1 All delivered goods remain property of the Seller until all his purchase price claims resulting from the underlying contractual relationship are fully paid for, as far as such retention of ownership is valid under the applicable law. If the validity of the retention of ownership is subject to special conditions or regulations in the country of destination, the Buyer is responsible for the observation and compliance with those conditions or regulations. He shall inform the Seller thereof. Any bills of exchange or cheques are only deemed to be fulfilment with receipt of the entire payment.
13.2 The Buyer shall assist the Seller in taking any measures necessary to protect the Seller's ownership and title to the product in the country concerned. The Buyer shall inform the Seller if any dangers regarding the property of the Seller should occur. This applies especially to disposals of third parties or authority measures.
13.3 The Seller – after a reminder – is entitled to cancel the contract and to take back any goods delivered under retention of title after fruitless expiration of a reasonable additional period noticed to the Buyer, if the Buyer does not fulfil his contractual obligations, especially if payment is delayed. The Seller is not obliged to fix an additional period if there are legal exceptions.
13.4 The Buyer shall insure the delivered goods at his costs against theft, fire, water damages and other risks for the time until full payment is effected.
13.5 If the value of all securities exceeds the value of all secured claims by more than 10 % the Seller shall, upon request, give up securities at his discretion.
14. Liability under Medical Products Law
The contractual partners have to fulfil all responsibilities and liabilities resulting from the COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 93/42/EEC as well as their amendments and the national transformation acts for their mutual scope of responsibility, such as observance of the market, mutual information and tracking back of delivered products until the end-consumer.
15.1 Contractual rights and duties of the Buyer are not assignable.
15.2 The Buyer only is entitled to offset claims or to suspend contractual performance regarding claims which have not been denied by the Seller or which have been awarded by the courts.
15.3 Modifications, amendments or further subsidiary agreements to this GCE are required in written form.
15.4 Any contract concluded under this GCE shall remain valid although single conditions should be or become invalid.
15.5 Only with the prior written consent and only in the interest of the Seller the Buyer is allowed to make use of or to have registered any trademarks, trade names or other signs of the Seller.
16. Compliance with Law
The Seller is responsible for the compliance with the relevant German regulations, which are decisive unless otherwise agreed and as far as products made in Germany are exported. The observation and implementation of the relevant foreign trade law (e.g. import or foreign exchange licences etc.) and further laws outside Germany is the Buyer´s obligation.
17. Place of Performance, Dispute Resolution, Applicable Law
17.1 Unless otherwise agreed, place of performance shall be the works of the Seller.
17.2 All disputes arising out of or in connection with contracts under these GCE shall be finally settled, without recourse to the courts, in accordance with the Rules of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce, Paris, by one or more arbitrators designated in conformity with the said Rules. The losing Party, as determined by the arbitrators, shall pay all reasonable expenses in-curred to the prevailing Party in connection with any such dispute. Place of arbitration shall be Stuttgart, Germany. Applicable law is German law.
17.3 The Seller in any case is also entitled to invoke the state courts at the place of business of the Buyer.
17.4 All contracts concluded under this GCE shall be subject to the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) from 11.04.1980. Subsidiary substantive and procedural law shall be that in force at the Seller’s place of business.